February 21, 2014

Comparison Of Gatorade,Electral(ORS) and Enerzal

What  are Energy Drinks:

We all know that when we work out, it's important to stay hydrated. Something we may not be so clear on is what exactly we should drink when we exercise.
Energy drinks are drinks that are said to provide energy to the individuals that drink them.

Gatorade:

           Gatorade is a good product when used for what it’s meant for. Gatorade is not a casual drink or something you give your children regularly. It’s a well-thought-out performance product that you drink before, during, and after exercise, especially if the activity is longer than an hour and if you’re exercising in hot weather. Gatorade has the triple benefit of replacing water and electrolytes that are lost when sweating and providing carbs for energy.

Benefits:
  • Helps Athlete's performance
  • Fuel endurance for activities
  • Promotes Energy
  • Improves endurance in muscle size and strength



Electral (ORS):

            Oral rehydration solutions (ORS) are used to treat dehydration caused by diarrhea, a common illness in travellers. Unlike other fluids, the ratio of the ingredients in an ORS matches what the body needs to recover from a diarrheal illness.

Enerzal:

• Enerzal offers a well balanced mix of water, carbohydrates and vital electrolytes – making it        an isotonic energy drink
• Enerzal is caffeine and preservative free – making it an ideal energy drink for children as well    as adults of all ages
• Enerzal’s osmolarity is similar to that of blood – ensuring faster rehydration
  
Comparison Of Gatorade,Electral(ORS) and Enerzal:
                                 


Please be careful about the usage of the two. Gatorade/energy drink is for NORMAL recovery of body fluids & salts, like when spent doing sports. ELECTRAL (ORS) on the other hand is when extreme DEHYDRATION HAS ALREADY SET-IN, that is why it is called ORS – Oral Hydration Salts. ELECTRAL is given if the person is still able to hydrate orally otherwise one has to administer a saline drip for recovery from dehydration. Usually this means after a severe & prolonged bout of diarrhoea and/or vomiting.
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February 11, 2014

Dermatitis

Dermatitis is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin. Although dermatitis can have many causes and occurs in many forms, this disorder usually involves an itchy rash on swollen, reddened skin. Skin affected by dermatitis may blister, ooze, develop a crust or flake off. Examples of dermatitis include atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff, and rashes caused by contact with poison ivy or certain metals.




Causes:
A number of health conditions, allergies, genetic factors and irritants can cause different types of dermatitis:
Atopic dermatitis (eczema). This condition often occurs with allergies and frequently occurs in families in which members have asthma, hay fever or eczema.
Contact dermatitis. This condition results from direct contact with one of many irritants or allergens — such as poison ivy; jewelry containing nickel; and certain cleaning products, perfumes and cosmetics.
Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition is common in people with oily skin or hair, and it may come and go depending on the season. It's likely that hereditary factors play a role in this condition.
Symptoms:
Each type of dermatitis may look a little different and may tend to occur on different parts of your body. The most common types of dermatitis include:
Atopic dermatitis (eczema).Usually beginning in infancy, this red, itchy rash most commonly occurs where the skin flexes — inside the elbows, behind the knees and the front of the neck. When scratched, the rash can leak fluid and crust over.
Contact dermatitis. This rash occurs on areas of the body that have come into contact with substances that either irritate the skin or cause an allergic reaction, such as poison ivy. The rash may burn, sting or itch. Blisters may develop.
Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition causes a red rash with yellowish and somewhat "oily" scales, usually on the scalp and sometimes on the face, especially around the ears and nose. It's a common cause of dandruff. In infants, this disorder is known as cradle cap.

What are the treatments for dermatitis?

The first step in treating dermatitis is to identify and eliminate the cause. Most mild skin inflammation responds well to room temperature baths followed by application of fragrance-free moisturising lotions or over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream.


Seborrhoeic dermatitis may respond to anti-dandruff shampoo. These products may contain tar, salicylic acid, zinc pyrithione, ketoconazole, sulfur or selenium, any of which may be effective.Once chemicals causing contact dermatitis are identified, treatment will be based on avoidance, symptom relief and other coping mechanisms.



To help clear the lesions of nummular dermatitis, apply a moisturising lotion and corticosteroid cream.If you suffer from stasis dermatitis, wear support stockings and elevate your legs to reduce their swelling. Also, the underlying condition that is causing the leg swelling should be controlled. If an open ulcer gets infected, antibiotics may be needed.



To reduce inflammation and heal the irritation of most types of dermatitis, a doctor will usually recommend a prescription corticosteroid cream and may prescribe an oral antihistamine to relieve severe itching and an antibiotic if a secondary infection develops. Severe cases of dermatitis may call for corticosteroid tablets or, in rare cases, injections.

Source:

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects your movement. It develops gradually, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. But while tremor may be the most well-known sign of Parkinson's disease, the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement.


Parkinson's disease symptoms and signs may vary from person to person. Early signs may be mild and may go unnoticed. Symptoms often begin on one side of your body and usually remain worse on that side, even after symptoms begin to affect both sides. 
Signs and Symptoms  


  • Tremor
  • Slowed movement (bradykinesia)
  • Rigid muscles
  • Impaired posture and balance
  • Loss of automatic movements
  • Speech changes
  • Writing changes
What is the treatment for Parkinson's disease?
Medications: Medications can help you manage problems with walking, movement and tremor by increasing your brain's supply of dopamine. However, dopamine can't be given directly, as it can't enter your brain.
  • Carbidopa-levodopa (Parcopa)
  • Dopamine agonists
  • MAO B inhibitors
  • Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors
  • Anticholinergics
  • Amantadine
Deep brain stimulation: In deep brain stimulation (DBS), surgeons implant electrodes into a specific part of your brain. The electrodes are connected to a generator implanted in your chest that sends electrical pulses to your brain and may help improve many of your Parkinson's disease symptoms. Your doctor may adjust your settings as necessary to treat your condition. Surgery may involve risks, including infections, stroke or brain hemorrhage.
Healthy eating:
  • Eat a nutritionally balanced diet that contains plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. 
  • Eating foods high in fiber and drinking an adequate amount of fluids can help prevent constipation that is common in Parkinson's disease. 
  • A balanced diet also provides nutrients, such as omega-3 fatty acids, that may be beneficial for people with Parkinson's disease.
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How to control Sinusitis

Sinusitis refers to an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the paranasal sinuses. 

Symptoms 
  • Blockage of one or both nostrils 
  • Running nose
  • Constant sneezing
  • Headaches in the forehead and in the face just below the eyes
  • Fever
  • Lack of Appetite
  • Toothache Dietary 
Cure 
Correcting the faulty diet is of utmost importance in the treatment of sinusitis. Patients should take balanced diet. Most persons with sinus trouble also suffer from acidity. Acidity can be regulated by making your diet more alkaline. The intake of salt should be reduced to the minimum as salt leads to accumulation of water in the tissues and expels calcium from the body. 
If sinusitis is quite acute, stick to fresh fruit and vegetable juices diluted with water. After the acute symptoms are over, the patient should focus on a well-balanced diet of three basic food groups – seeds, nuts and grains, vegetables and fruits. 

Foods to avoid: 

Cold Drinks (Why are Cold drinks bad), Alcohol, chocolate, white sugar, white flour, rice, cakes, candies and yeast. Avoid strong spices, and deep fried foods. Too much dairy food, butter and ghee should be avoided as well. These foods either promote mucus production or promote inflammation. Both of these are bad for your sinuses. 

Foods to have: 
As a rule of thumb, you should have a lot of water, plenty of sleep, fresh air, foods high in Vitamin A, yellow and orange vegetables (e.g. Carrots). Use Honey for sweeteners 
  • Fish Oil
  • Peanuts
  • Grapes
  • Chicken Soup
  • Cayenne Peppers
  • Grapefruit Seed Extract
  • Apple Cider Vinegar
  • Oregano Oil
  • Honey
Vitamin A is the "membrane conditioner" and it helps build healthy mucus membranes in the head and throat. Some of the valuable sources of this vitamin are whole milk, curds, egg yolk, pumpkin, carrot, leafy vegetables, tomato, mango and papaya. For more details, visit our “Vitamin A” page. 

Renal Failure (Acute)

Acute renal failure (also called acute kidney injury) means that your kidneys have suddenly stopped working. Your kidneys remove waste products and help balance water and salt and other minerals (electrolytes) in your blood. When your kidneys stop working, waste products, fluids, and electrolytes build up in your body. This can cause problems that can be deadly.


Causes
  • A sudden, serious drop in blood flow to the kidneys. Heavy blood loss, an injury, or a bad infection called sepsis can reduce blood flow to the kidneys. Not enough fluid in the body (dehydration) also can harm the kidneys.
  • Damage from some medicines, poisons, or infections. Most people don't have any kidney problems from taking medicines. But people who have serious, long-term health problems are more likely than other people to have a kidney problem from medicines. Examples of medicines that can sometimes harm the kidneys include:
  • Antibiotics, such as gentamicin and streptomycin.
  • Pain medicines, such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
  • Some blood pressure medicines, such as ACE inhibitors.
  • The dyes used in some X-ray tests.
  • A sudden blockage that stops urine from flowing out of the kidneys. Kidney stones, a tumor, an injury, or an enlarged prostate gland can cause a blockage.
Symptoms 
  • Little or no urine when you urinate.
  • Swelling, especially in your legs and feet.
  • Not feeling like eating.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Feeling confused, anxious and restless, or sleepy.
  • Pain in the back just below the rib cage. This is called flank pain.
  • Some people may not have any symptoms.
Treatment
Your doctor or a kidney specialist (nephrologist) will try to treat the problem that is causing your kidneys to fail. Treatment can vary widely, depending on the cause. For example, your doctor may need to restore blood flow to the kidneys, stop any medicines that may be causing the problem, or remove or bypass a blockage in the urinary tract.
At the same time, the doctor will try to stop wastes from building up in your body. You may have dialysis. This treatment uses a machine to do the work of your kidneys until they recover. It will help you feel better.
Prevent other problems. You may take antibiotics to prevent or treat infections. You also may take other medicines to get rid of extra fluid and keep your body’s minerals in balance.
Dietary Management
Proteins: All foods containing protein should be stopped if the patient is under conservative treatment and blood urea nitrogen is rising.
Carbohydrates: A minimum of 100g/day is essential to minimize tissue protein breakdown.
Fluid: The total fluid permitted is 500 ml+ losses through urine and gastrointestinal tract.
Sodium and potassium: Decrease amount of sodium and potassium in diet
Sources

Vitamin D and Cancer

Is there a role for Vitamin D in reducing cancer risk?
A large number of scientific studies have investigated a possible role for vitamin D in cancer prevention.
 The first results came from epidemiologic studies known as geographic correlation studies. In these studies, an inverse relationship was found between sunlight exposure levels in a given geographic area and the rates of incidence and death for certain cancers in that area. Individuals living in southern latitudes were found to have lower rates of incidence and death for these cancers than those living at northern latitudes. Because sunlight/UV exposure is necessary for the production of vitamin D3, researchers hypothesized that variation in vitamin D levels accounted for the observed relationships.
Evidence of a possible cancer-protective role for vitamin D has also been found inlaboratory studies of the effect of vitamin D treatment on cancer cells in culture. In these studies, vitamin D promoted the differentiation and death (apoptosis) of cancer cells, and it slowed their proliferation.
Randomized clinical trials designed to investigate the effects of vitamin D intake on bone health have suggested that higher vitamin D intakes may reduce the risk of cancer. One study involved nearly 1,200 healthy post-menopausal women who took daily supplements of calcium (1,400 mg or 1,500 mg) and vitamin D (25 μg vitamin D, or 1,100 IU―a relatively large dose) or a placebo for 4 years. The women who took the supplements had a 60 percent lower overall incidence of cancer; however, the study did not include a vitamin D-only group. Moreover, the primary outcome of the study was fracture incidence; it was not designed to measure cancer incidence. This limits the ability to draw conclusions about the effect of vitamin D intake on cancer risk.



A number of observational studies have investigated whether people with higher vitamin D levels or intake have lower risks of specific cancers, particularly colorectal cancer and breast cancer. Associations of vitamin D with risks of prostate, pancreatic, and other, rarer cancers have also been examined. These studies have yielded inconsistent results, most likely because of the challenges of conducting observational studies of diet . Information about dietary intakes is obtained from the participants through the use of food frequency questionnaires, diet records, or interviews in which the participants are asked to recall information about their dietary intakes. Information collected in this manner can be inaccurate. In addition, only recently has a comprehensive food composition database with vitamin D values for the U.S. food supply become available. Other dietary components orenergy balance may also modify vitamin D metabolism.
Measuring blood levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D to determine vitamin D status avoids some of the limitations of assessing dietary intake. However, vitamin D levels in the blood vary by race, with the season, and possibly with the activity of genes whose products are involved in vitamin D transport and metabolism. These variations complicate the interpretation of studies that measure the concentration of vitamin D in serum at a single point in time.
Finally, it is difficult to separate the effects of vitamin D and calcium because of the complicated biological interactions between these substances. To fully understand the effect of vitamin D on cancer and other health outcomes, new randomized trials will need to be carried out. However, the appropriate dose of vitamin D to use in such trials is still not clear.

Source
              National Cancer Institute,
              Mercola,
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Vitamin D

Vitamin D is essential for strong bones because it helps the body use calcium from the diet. Traditionally, vitamin D deficiency has been associated with rickets, a disease in which the bone tissue doesn't properly mineralize, leading to soft bones and skeletal deformities. But increasingly, research is revealing the importance of vitamin D in protecting against a host of health problems.




Functions of Vitamin D

  • Vitamin D is an essential vitamin required by the body for the proper absorption of calcium
  • It is essential for bone development
  • It helps in control of cell growth and neuromuscular functioning
  • Vitamin D is required for proper immune functioning and alleviation of inflammation

Rich Sources

  • Cod Liver Oil (Cod liver oil provides 10001 IU (1667% DV) per 100 gram serving)
  • Fortified Cereals
  • Caviar
  • Fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, tuna, sardines, herring
  • Eggs
  • It is widely added to many foods such as milk and orange juice
  • Vitamin D is also naturally made by your body when you expose your skin to the sun, and thus, is called the sun-shine vitamin.

Recommended Daily Intakes

  • 19 - 50 years: 600 IU (recommended dietary allowance)
  • 70 years and older: 800 IU (recommended dietary allowance)
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding females: 600 IU (recommended dietary allowance)

Deficiency 

A deficiency in vitamin D can lead to rickets, a disease in which bones fail to properly develop. Further, inadequate levels of vitamin D can lead to a weakened immune system, increased cancer risk, poor hair growth, and osteomalacia, a condition of weakened muscles and bones.

Deficiency Symptoms
Being severely deficient for a period of months could affect your health in a number of ways, including feelings of depression, low resistance to infections, and suffering from increased pain and inflammation.
A deficiency which last for a period of years may chronically damage your health and increase the likelihood that you will obtain a serious degenerative disease.

People at Risk of a Vitamin D Deficiency
  • Breastfed Infants who are not in the Sun - The amount of vitamin D in breast milk depends on the amount of vitamin D in the mother. However, breast-milk typically does not contain adequate amounts of vitamin D. Be sure infants get at least some exposure to the sun (at least 10-20 minutes) to ensure adequate levels of vitamin D.8
  • Older Adults - As skin ages it is less and less able to make vitamin D from the sun, so vitamin D has to be attained from foods or supplements.
  • People With Little Sun Exposure on the Skin - Wearing sunscreen, or lots of clothing, hampers the creation of vitamin D from the sun
  • People with Darker Skin - Melanin, a pigment found in skin, reduces the body's ability to manufacture vitamin D from the sun
  • People who have Problems Absorbing Fat, or are on Extreme Low Fat Diets - Vitamin D is fat soluble, which means it is found in fats, and your body has to be able to digest fats in order for you to absorb the vitamin D.
  • People who are Obese, or People Who have Had Gastric Bypass Surgery - Excess fat in the body absorbs vitamin D, effectively reducing the amount available for body functions. Those who have undergone bypass surgery are missing part of their upper intestine which hampers Vitamin D absorption
  • People Taking Certain Medications (medications used to alleviate inflammation, weight-loss drugs, cholesterol-lowering drugs and medicines used to control and stabilize epileptic seizures

Overdose Disease

Vitamin D toxicity is usually caused by mega doses of vitamin D supplements and not by diet or sun exposure. The toxicity may lead to build up of calcium in your blood (hypercalcemia), which can cause symptoms such as poor appetite, nausea and vomiting, weakness, frequent urination and kidney problems

Pregnancy and Vitamin D

It’s certainly no surprise that nutritional needs during pregnancy increase dramatically as the process of incubating a fetus requires additional micro and macro nutrients. While a chronically poor diet can have long term ramifications while not pregnant – think obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome – for the developing child however, a pregnant mom’s inadequate nutritional intake can undermine the immediate health of both mom and child while also impacting the birthing process itself.
For example, while most clinicians understand the importance of vitamin D in overall human health, what may possibly get overlooked are the health benefits of the sun. Specifically and most importantly, the sun and its life-giving ultra violet radiation is vital in order for our bodies to endogenously produce vitamin D. This may be reflected by an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis in the offspring of mothers who were exposed to minimal amounts of sunlight during pregnancy.
Additionally, low vitamin D status can lead to increased risks of asthma and allergic rhinitis later in life as well as impaired growth and skeletal problems.  
Finally, according to another study, “vitamin D deficiency correlates with preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, and bacterial vaginosis, and an increased risk for C-section delivery.”
While there is little consensus on optimal vitamin D levels for most individuals, let alone mothers during pregnancy, one study found that supplementing pregnant women with 4000 IU of vitamin D daily from the 12th-16th week of pregnancy to delivery was safe and generally effective in reaching the study’s clinical goal of 80 nmol/L.
Omega-3 fatty acids are another fundamentally vital part of any complete nutritional pregnancy regimen. The omega-3 fatty aciddocosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is critical for optimal brain health and function at all ages of life but the research literature is very clear that DHA provides brain-supportive benefits in infants as well as the developing fetus. DHA helps with brain development while supporting learning, memory, visual acuity and cognition. DHA has even been shown to have an interesting and complex relationship with neurotransmitters as it can help mitigate the symptoms of postpartum depression by influencing both serotonergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission.
Iron, zinc and folate are all required for proper neonatal intellectual and motor skill development. Because of the rapid growth rate and neurological expansion of the fetus and neonate, requirements for these important nutrients are exceptionally high. Since ideally, the primary nutritional vehicle for the newborn is breast milk, and since many moms find that getting enough iron and zinc in their diet may be difficult (red meat can be the best source of both zinc and iron), supplementation may be warranted.
Another nutrient associate with proper neurological, motor, metal and psychological development in the neonate is the mineral iodine. The correlation between maternal hypothyroidism and adversely affected fetal development is unquestioned.
Ensuring that pregnant moms pay special attention to appropriate nutrition can be as simple as putting her on a properly formulated prenatal multivitamin. In this simple way both baby and mom can be assured that their fundamental nutritional needs are being met during this time.


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Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. AD begins slowly. It first involves the parts of the brain that control thought, memory and language. People with AD may have trouble remembering things that happened recently or names of people they know. AD usually begins after age 60. The risk goes up as you get older. Your risk is also higher if a family member has had the disease.


Symptoms:


  •   Memory loss
  •    Difficulty performing familiar tasks
  •    Problems with language
  •   Disorientation to time and place
  •    Poor or decreased judgment
  •    Problems with abstract thinking
  •    Misplacing things
  •    Changes in mood or behavior
  •    Changes in personality
  •    Loss of initiative
Alzheimer’s Prevention:
Lifestyle changes can protect your brain: The six pillars of a brain-healthy lifestyle are:

·         Regular exercise
·         Healthy diet
·         Mental stimulation
·         Quality sleep
·         Stress management
·         An active social life

Diet and Alzheimer:
Just like the rest of your body, your brain needs a nutritious diet to operate at its best. Focus on eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, lean protein, and healthy fats.
Eating habits that reduce inflammation and provide a steady supply of fuel are best. These food tips will keep you protected:
Follow a Mediterranean diet. Eating a heart-healthy Mediterranean diet rich in fish, nuts, whole grains, olive oil, and abundant fresh produce. Treat yourself to the occasional glass of red wine and square of dark chocolate.
Avoid trans fats and saturated fats. Reduce your consumption by avoiding full-fat dairy products, red meat, fast food, fried foods, and packaged and processed foods.
Eat a heart-healthy diet. What’s good for the heart is also good for the brain, so by reducing your risk of heart disease, you also lower your risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
Get plenty of omega-3 fats. Evidence suggests that omega-3 fatty acids may help prevent Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Food sources include cold-water fish such as salmon, tuna, trout, mackerel, and sardines. You can also supplement with fish oil.
Eat 4-6 small meals throughout the day, rather than 3 large meals. Eating at regular intervals helps to maintain consistent blood sugar levels. Also avoid refined carbohydrates high in sugar and white flour, which rapidly spike glucose levels and inflame your brain.
Eat across the rainbow. Emphasize fruits and vegetables across the color spectrum to maximize protective antioxidants and vitamins. Daily servings of berries and green leafy vegetables should be part of your brain-protective regimen.
Enjoy daily cups of tea. Regular consumption of green tea may enhance memory and mental alertness and slow brain aging. White and oolong teas are also particularly brain healthy. Drinking 2-4 cups daily has proven benefits. Although not as powerful as tea, coffee also confers brain benefits.
 Source: