February 11, 2014

Breast Cancer

The term “breast cancer” refers to a malignant tumor that has developed from cells in the breast. The cancer activates in the cells of the milk-producing glands called lobules, or the ducts which are the passages that drain milk from the lobules to the nipple. On rare occasions, breast cancer can begin in the stromal tissues, which include the fatty and fibrous connective tissues of the breast. About 90% of breast cancers are due to genetic abnormalities that happen as a result of the aging process and the “wear and tear” of life in general.





Risk Factors
  • The risk of breast cancer goes up as you get older
  • About 5% to 10% of breast cancers are thought to be hereditary, caused by abnormal genes passed from parent to child
  • Personal History of Breast Cancer
  • Radiation to Chest or Face Before Age 30
  • If diagnosed with certain benign breast conditions, there is a higher risk of malignant breast cancer
  • Overweight and obese women have a higher risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer compared to women who maintain a healthy weight, especially after menopause
  •  Women who haven’t had a full-term pregnancy or have their first child after age 30
  • Women who started menstruating younger than age 12 and for women who go through menopause when they're older than 55 are at higher risk
  • Users of Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Consumption of Alcohol
  • Lack of exercise
  • Smoking
Diet is thought to be at least partly responsible for about 30% to 40% of all cancers. No food or diet can prevent you from getting breast cancer. But some foods can make your body the healthiest it can be, boost your immune system, and help keep your risk for breast cancer as low as possible.

Symptoms
  • Lump or area of thickened tissue in breast
  • Change in the size or shape of one or both breasts
  • Discharge from nipples (which may be streaked with blood)
  • Lump or swelling in armpits
  • Dimpling on the skin of breasts
  • Rash on or around nipple
  • Change in the appearance of nipple, such as becoming sunken into your breast
  • Pain in breasts or armpits that is not related to your period





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