February 06, 2014

Chromium

Functions of Chromium
  • Chromium is an essential mineral that plays a role in how insulin helps the body regulate blood sugar levels
  • It is also required for the fatty acid, protein and cholesterol synthesis that plays a role in brain function 
  • It also aids in maintaining the blood sugar levels.  
Sources
Good chromium food sources include broccoli, grape juice, onion, Romaine lettuce, ripe tomatoes, whole grain breads and cereals, lean meats, cheeses, molasses and some spices, such as black pepper and thyme. Brewer's yeast is also rich in chromium.



Daily Recommendation
  • For adult men 19 - 50 years: 35 mcg daily
  • For adult men 51 years and older: 30 mcg daily
  • For adult women 19 - 50 years: 25 mcg daily
  • For adult females 50 years and older: 20 mcg daily
  • For breastfeeding females 19 years and older: 30 mcg daily
Deficiency
  • Diabetes – Chromium deficiency may result in impaired glucose tolerance. This is usually seen in people with type 2 diabetes.
  • Hypoglycemia – This occurs due to abnormally diminished levels of glucose in body. 
  • Depressed sperm formation – Chromium is responsible for supporting the functioning of male seual organs and stimulating healthy sperm formation. Deficiency of chromium may lead to poor sperm quality.
  • Atherosclerosis – Low levels of chromium increases blood lipid levels, thus accelerates the process of this condition.
Symptoms
Anxiety, fatigue, decreased growth in young people and slower healing time after injuries or surgery.
Prone to deficiency
  • Elderly people
  • Pregnant and lactating women
Overdose
     Gastrointestinal ulcers, Liver and Kidney damage, and Skin irritation

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