February 10, 2014

Colon Cancer

     The colon is the longest part of the large intestine and the lowest part of the digestive system. Cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon is represented as colon cancer. Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas, cancer that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids.


 Risk Factors
  • Family History
  • Age is an important risk factor for colon cancer. 
  • Colon cancers are more likely to occur in people with sedentary lifestyles
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Diet is an important factor associated with colon cancer. Diets that are low in fibre and high in fat, calories, and red meat increase the risk of developing colon cancer. 
  • Heavy alcohol consumption may also increase the risk of colon cancer.
  • Several diseases and conditions like Diabetes, acromegaly (a growth hormone disorder), radiation treatment for other cancers, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease have been associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. 

Symptoms

  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Changes in stool consistency
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
  • Pain, cramps, or gas in the abdomen
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Continual urges to defecate
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Iron deficiency (anemia)

Sources

                      Mayoclinic
                      Medicalnewstoda
                      Nhs
                      Picture

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