February 06, 2014

Hypertension

     Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. Blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body.  Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg most of the time.

     High blood pressure (hypertension) is when your blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or above most of the time. If your blood pressure numbers are 120/80 or higher, but below 140/90, it is called pre-hypertension.








Risk factors:


  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Drink too much alcohol 
  • Too much salt in diet
  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking

High blood pressure may also be caused by another medical condition or medication. 



Secondary hypertension may be due to:


  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Disorders of the adrenal gland (pheochromocytoma or Cushing syndrome)
  • Pregnancy 
  • Medications such as birth control pills, diet pills, some cold medications, and migraine medications
  • Narrowed artery that supplies blood to the kidney (renal artery stenosis)
  • Hyperparathyroidism

Diet

The DASH diet, which stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension helps to reduce blood pressure within two weeks.



The DASH diet includes:


  • Eating more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods
  • Cutting back on foods that are high in saturated fat, cholesterol, and trans fats
  • Eating more whole grain products, fish, poultry, and nuts
  • Eating less red meat (especially processed meats) and sweets
  • Eating foods that are rich in magnesium (flax seeds, sunflower seeds, bran, oats, soya and chocolates); potassium (mandarin, prunes, artichokes, apricots, dates, pumpkin seeds, tomatoes, almonds, pistachio and blackstrap molasses); and calcium (flax seeds, cashew, almonds, ragi and dairy products)
Source     WebMd , 
                   Picture

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