A stye is a sore and red lump near the edge of an eyelid. It is caused by an infection at the base of an eyelash (in the follicle. Styes may be red and sore, but they generally do not cause any damage to the eye or eyelids. Most clear up within a few days, even if no treatment is received. However, the infection from one stye can sometimes spread and cause more styes. Rarely, the entire eyelid may become infected. This requires medical treatment, including antibiotics. Some people seem to get many styes, while others get few or none at all.
There are two types of stye:
External stye (external hordeolum) – A swelling that appears along the edge of your eyelid, which may turn into a yellow pus-filled spot that is painful to touch.
Internal stye (internal hordeolum) – A swelling that appears on the inside of your eyelid and is usually more painful than an external stye
A stye is usually caused by an infection with staphylococcus bacteria (staphylococcal infection).
Long-term blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids) may also increase the risk and may lead to an internal stye.
A painful, red and tender lump develops on the eyelid.
The lump gets larger and may develop a white or yellow top (pus) along the edge of the eyelid or inside the eyelid.
The stye can irritate the eye, causing it to water.
Hot 'compresses' can help relieve the pain and may also help to get rid of the infection. It is believed to draw out the infection. A hot compress is a piece of material (such as cotton balls), which is heated in hot water. It needs to be as hot as the person can manage comfortably and is placed on the eyelid for several minutes, until it cools, then it is replaced with another compress.
Paracetamol will also help relieve the pain of a stye.
Sometimes, antibiotic ointments and oral antibiotics may be prescribed by the doctor, if the stye does not get better by itself. If the lump is still painful and hot after a few days, get your doctor to check your eye.
Do not try to touch and rub the stye or squeeze the pus out of it. This may cause the infection to spread further.
Adopt a proper diet that is against excessive fats. This will help in reducing oily secretions that may be a reason for the appearance of styes.
Certain herbs and nutrients such as Burdock, Forsythia, Goldenseal and Echinacea may help heal Styes.
Vitamin A intake should be increased for the proper nourishment of eyes. Best sources of foods are sweet potatoes, carrots, kale, butternut squash, asparagus, and pumpkin.