February 08, 2014

Testicular Cancer

     Testicular cancer is the cancer of the testes which is the male sex organ. Testicular cancer mainly affects young men between the ages of 20 and 39. It is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of this type of cancer, treatment can be one of the several therapies or a combination. Regular testicular self-examination helps to identify growths early, due to which the chances for a successful treatment of testicular cancer is highest.




Risk Factors

  • Undescended testicle – This condition is known as cryptorchidism. Men who have a testicle that never descended are at greater risk of testicular cancer. The risk remains even if the testicle has been surgically relocated to the scrotum. 
  • Abnormal testicle development –This usually happens due to conditions like as Klinefelter's syndromethat causes testicles to develop abnormally. But this may increase your risk of testicular cancer.
  • Family history 
  • Age – Testicular cancer mostly affects men between ages 19 and 39. However, it can occur at any age.

Symptoms

  • Slight ache or sharp pain in your testicles or scrotum, which may come and go
  • feeling of heaviness in your scrotum
  • dull ache in your lower abdomen (stomach area)
  • sudden collection of fluid in your scrotum (hydrocele)fatigue
  • general feeling of being unwell

Source

                 NLM , Mayoclinic , NHS
                 Picture

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