February 07, 2014

Ulcerative colitis

       Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease of the colon (also called the large intestine) and rectum that causes inflammation and ulcers of the intestinal wall, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

 

Foods to be avoided in active Ulcerative Colitis (Flare Up)

       These are mainly foods that either include a high amount of insoluble fiber - or very high amounts of dairy fats-

  • Cabbage/sprouts, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Sweet Corn, Mushrooms
  • High Bran fiber items - such as whole meal bread, and high fiber cereal
  • Tomatoes - especially the seeds
  • Soya Protein
  • Onions - Especially raw onions
  • Cheese/cream (tends to cause excess acid/irritation in the gut)
  • Limit dairy products, in case you are lactose intolerant
  • Raw fruit juices and fruits, popcorn, caffeine, and carbonated beverages

Dietary Recommendations 


  • Try eating five to six small meals. Or eat three smaller meals, plus two to three snacks.
  • Experiment with fiber. For most people, high-fiber foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains, are the foundation of a healthy diet. But if you have inflammatory bowel disease, fiber may make diarrhea, pain and gas worse. If raw fruits and vegetables bother you, try steaming, baking or stewing them. 
  • Drink plenty of liquids
  • When you're stressed, your normal digestive process can change, causing your stomach to empty more slowly and secrete more acids. Stress can also speed or slow the passage of intestinal contents. It may also cause changes in intestinal tissue itself. Reduce Stress through exercise, regular relaxation and breathing exercises
  • Eating with ulcerative colitis should be based on a well-balanced diet that's high in protein, complex carbohydrates, whole grains, and good fats. It may include meat, fish, poultry, and dairy products (if you don't have lactose intolerance); breads and cereals; fruits and vegetables; and margarine and oils.
  • People with ulcerative colitis may also have low levels of vitamin B12 and folic acid. This can lead to other health problems.
  • In some studies, researchers studied the benefit of restricting linoleic acid. Linoleic acid is an essential fatty acid found in foods such as safflower oil, walnuts, olive oil, egg yolks, wheat germ oil, lard, coconut oil, and sesame seed oil. Although everyone needs linoleic acid, a polyunsaturated fat, there is some evidence it may play a role in inflammation if too much is ingested.
  • Some scientific trials reported anti-inflammatory benefits when patients with ulcerative colitis ate probiotic yogurts.
  • The flares can lead to fatigure, caused due to anaemia – boost your blood iron levels, by consuming iron-rich foods like spinach or raisins. Egg yolks and artichokes may be other options that are easier on the stomach.

Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn’s Disease and IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

       These three digestive disorders share some symptoms, which is why they are often confused with one another, but they are separate diseases.
       Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease of the colon (also called the large intestine) and rectum that causes inflammation and ulcers of the intestinal wall, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
       Crohn’s disease is also an inflammatory bowel disease with similar symptoms, but it can affect any part of the digestive tract. Irritable bowel syndrome is not an inflammatory bowel disease. It is a milder disorder without damage or inflammation of the intestinal lining.

References

                     WebMD , MayoClinicWebMD-2UCcure
                     Picture

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